M. Yu. Kazakov. Gravitational Interaction between the Center and the Periphery in an Agro-Industrial Region: Diagnostics of Spatial and Economic Drift of Territories

UDK 3 32.1

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.106.027.201901.030-057

Introduction. The study is of relevance due to the need to expand the theoretical developments in the field of spatial economics within the regional system in order to form adequate and flexible measures to stimulate and support the subjects of the intraregional environment. With regard to the state authorities’ growing interest in the tendencies of spatial development of territories, a careful analysis of the full diversity of processes and connections that take place within individual regions is necessary. The purpose of the study is to identify and analyze these processes.

Materials and Methods. The information and empirical base of the study included statistical data presented on the official website of the regional Department of Statistics in the Stavropol Territory and its municipal units. Fundamental methods of scientific knowledge were employed, the gravitational model was applied, and the tools of correlation and regression analysis were used to test hypotheses and calculated conclusions.

Results. For the first time, analytical data were obtained on the level, strength and direction of the spatial gravitation between the center and the peripheral territories in an agro-industrial region – the Stavropol Territory. The gravitational model adapted for studying the spatial processes of interaction of the ‘center–periphery’ system was for the first time tested in the conditions of an agro-industrial region. On the basis of the theory of gravitational environments, conclusions were drawn about the presence of specific processes in the region in the form of establishment of ‘the second-order’ gravitation centers, which are ‘beacons’ for the periphery due to a higher level of socio-economic development and general territorial remoteness from the main regional center.

Discussion and Conclusion. The implementation of the presented diagnostic approach made it possible to put forward a number of hypotheses about the presence and specificity of the spatial connections between the objects of the regional ‘center–periphery’ system. The force of gravitation, the direction and type of the spatial drift can have a direct impact on the level of socio-economic development of the periphery. The specified factors affect the overall ‘survival’ potential of the peripheral territories. The results of the study are of practical importance and can be used as the empirical justification for program projects aimed at stimulating development of regions.

Keywords: peripheral territories, regional economy, gravitational model, spatial drift, economic space


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Submitted 20.09.2018; accepted for publication 26.10.2018; published online 29.03.2019.

About the author:

Mikhail Yu. Kazakov, Doctoral Candidate, Department of Economics and Foreign Economic Activity, North-Caucasus Federal University (1 Pushkina St., Stavropol 355009, Russia), Ph. D. (Economics), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0297-6299, Researcher ID: http://www.researcherid.com/rid/R-1486-2018, lyasay21@yandex.ru

For citation:

Kazakov M.Yu. Gravitational Interaction between the Center and the Periphery in an Agro-Industrial Region: Diagnostics of Spatial and Economic Drift of Territories. Regionologiya = Regionology. 2019; 27(1):30-57. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.106.027.201901.030-057

The author has read and approved the final version of the manuscript.

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