M.V. Moroshkina, S.V. Kondrateva. Regional Accessibility as a Factor in the Development of a Tourist Destination

UDК 338.48

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.114.029.202101.060-081

Introduction. The tourist vector of development is regarded as one of the promising and even priority areas of socio-economic development of the regions of the North-West of Russia. Accessibility of regions with a unique tourist and recreational potential and established tourism infrastructure is becoming increasingly important in the circumstances of increasing competition for tourists. The study aims to evaluate the potential of the regions of the Northwestern Federal District of the Russian Federation for the development of tourism on the basis of a comprehensive assessment of their geographical, transport, and infrastructural accessibility.

Materials and Methods. As part of the study, median indicators were calculated based on statistical data from Federal State Statistics Service, the official websites of the Federal Agency for Tourism of the Russian Federation and the Russian Railways company, as well as from the website Tutu.ru. The method of economic analysis was employed to assess the accessibility of territories for tourist flows taking into account transport accessibility, time spent on travel, and fare.

Results. Based on the results of the performed analysis, 4 typological groups (central, semi-central, semi-peripheral and peripheral) of the constituent regions of the Northwestern Federal District of the Russian federation were singled out in terms of regional accessibility for the development of a tourist destination. The territories accessible to tourists include the regions of central location, which are of interest to visit and have high transport accessibility. The compiled grouping reflects the potential of the territory to accept tourists, assessed by such factors as cost, accessibility, and remoteness.

Discussion and Conclusion. The results of this work may be used by regional government bodies when making managerial decisions pertaining to tourism development. The material of the article has scientific and practical significance for scientists studying the issues of regional tourism development, as well as for those engaged in the tourism business.

Keywords: regional accessibility, Northwestern Federal District, region, typology of regions, tourism, cost of train tickets, geographic remoteness

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Funding. The research work was carried out as part of the budget assignment of the Institute of Economics of the Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences (No. АААА-А19-119010990087-1 and No. АААА-А19-119010990088-8).

For citation: Moroshkina M.V., Kondrateva S.V. Regional Accessibility as a Factor in the Development of a Tourist Destination. Regionology = Russian Journal of Regional Studies. 2021; 29(1):60-81. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.114.029.202101.060-081


1. Stepanova S. The Role of Tourism in the Development of Russia’s Northwestern Border Regions. Baltic Region. 2016; 8(3):109-120. (In Eng.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.5922/2079-8555-2016-3-9

2. Zubarevich N.V., Safronov S.G. People and Money: Incomes, Consumption, and Financial Behavior of the Population of Russian Regions in 2000–2017. Regional Research of Russia. 2019; 9(4):359-369. (In Eng.) DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1134/S2079970519040129

3. Druzhinin P.V., Shkiperova G.T., Potasheva O.V., Zimin D.A. The Assessment of the Impact of the Economy’s Development on Air Pollution. Ehkonomicheskie i sotsialnye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz = Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast. 2020; 13(2):125-142. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) DOI:  https://doi.org/10.15838/esc.2020.2.68.8

4. Druzhinin P., Potasheva O. Evaluation of the Impact of Climatic Changes on the Development of Agriculture of European North Russia. In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. In: International Science and Technology Conference “EarthScience”. 2020. (In Eng.) DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/459/6/062054

5. Gluschenko K. Measuring Regional Inequality: To Weight or not to Weight? Spatial Economic Analysis. 2018; 13(1):36-59. (In Eng.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17421772.2017.1343491

6. Shabunova A.A., Dobrokhleb V.G., Medvedeva E.I., Kroshilin S.V., Suchocka L., Shukhatovich V.R., et al. The Successfulness of a Modern Individual: Theoretical and Methodological Aspects of the Study. Ehkonomicheskie i sotsialnye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz = Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast. 2019; 12(6):27-50. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) DOI:  https://doi.org/10.15838/esc.2019.6.66.2

7. Moroshkina M.V., Potasheva O.V. Interregional Differentiation of Russian Regions by Levels of Educational Potential and Government Spending on the Education System. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems. 2020; 111:375-383. (In Eng.) DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-39797-5_38

8. Haynes K.E., Chen Z. Infrastructure and Regional Development. 2017. (In Eng.) DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118786352.wbieg0716

9. Rohima S. Public Infrastructure Availability on Development Disparity. Business and Economic Research. 2017; 7(2):375-391. (In Eng.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ber.v7i2.11983

10. Dezzani R.J. Classification Analysis of World Economic Regions. Geographical Analysis. 2001; 33(4):330-352. (In Eng.) DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1538-4632.2001.tb00451.x

11. Osmolovskaya L.G. Border Functions as a Factor of Development of Border Regions and the Formation of Cross-Border Regions. Vestnik Baltijskogo federalnogo universiteta im. I. Kanta = Bulletin of the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University. 2016; (1):45-54. Available at: https://journals.kantiana.ru/vestnik/3068/8649/ (accessed 25.09.2020). (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)

12. Druzhinin P.V. Features of Development of the Near-Border Regions. Regionologiya = Regionology. 2017; (2):200-216. Available at: https://regionsar.ru/ru/node/1588 (accessed 25.09.2020). (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)

13. Horie N. The Positionality of Russia’s Far East Border Regions: Economic and Societal Changes. Problems of Economic Transition. 2017; 59(10):753-767. (In Eng.) DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1080/10611991.2017.1416835

14. Moroshkina M.V. Principal Mechanisms for Developing Border Areas: Economic and Social Considerations (Evidence from Russia and Finland). Natsionalnye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost = National Interests: Priorities and Security. 2016; (1):144-154. Available at: https://www.fin-izdat.ru/journal/national/detail.php?ID=67952 (accessed 25.09.2020). (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)

15. Moroshkina M.V. Differentiation of the Regions of Russia based on Level of Economic Development. Studies on Russian Economic Development. 2016; 27:441-445. (In Eng.) DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1134/S1075700716040122

16. Lavrinenko P.A., Romashina A.A., Stepanov P.S., et al. Transport Accessibility as an Indicator of Regional Development. Studies on Russian Economic Development. 2019; 30:694-701. (In Eng.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S1075700719060091

17. Bukher S. Competitiveness of the Russian Federation in the Global Tourism Market. Ehkonomika regiona = Economy of Region. 2016; 12(1):240-250. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.17059/2016-1-18

18. Więckowski M. Tourism Development in the Borderlands of Poland. Geographia Polonica. 2010; 83(2):67-81. (In Eng.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2010.2.5

19. Więckowski M., Michniak D., Bednarek-Szczepańska M., Chrenka B., Ira V., Komornicki T., et al. Road Accessibility to Tourist Destinations of the Polish-Slovak Borderland: 2010–2030 Prediction and Planning. Geographia Polonica. 2014; 87(1):5-26. (In Eng.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2014.1.

20. Stepanova S.V. General Trends and Features of Tourism Infrastructure Development in Russia’s Regions. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 6: Ehkonomika  = Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 6. Economics. 2016; (3):68-84. Available at: https://www.econ.msu.ru/sys/raw.php?o=31871&p=attachment (accessed 25.09.2020). (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)

21. Stepanova S.V. Tourism Development in Border Areas: A Benefit or a Burden? The Case of Karelia. Baltic Region. 2019; 11(2):94-111. (In Eng.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.5922/2079-8555-2019-2-6

22. Velichkina A.V. The Assessment of the Regional Tourism Infrastructure Development. Ehkonomicheskie i sotsialnye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz = Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast. 2014; (2):239-250. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) DOI:  https://doi.org/10.15838/esc/2014.2.32.18

23. Tappaskhanova E.O., Mustafaeva Z.A., Tokmakova R.A., Kudasheva M.Z. Region Tourist and Recreation Complex Development. Ehkonomika regiona = Economy of Region. 2015; (2):208-219. Available at: http://u55901.netangels.ru/content/files/17iTappashanova.pdf (accessed 25.09.2020). (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)

24. Shulepov V.I., Stepanova S.V. Way to Assess the Development of Municipal Tourism Infrastructure. Journal of Applied Engineering Science. 2019; 17(1):87-92. (In Eng.) DOI:  https://doi.org/10.5937/jaes17-17073

25. Li L.H., Cheung K.S., Han S.Y. The Impacts of Cross‐Border Tourists on Local Retail Property Market: An Empirical Analysis of Hong Kong. Journal of Property Research. 2018; 35(3):252-270. (In Eng.) DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1080/09599916.2018.1511628

26. Chow C.K.W., Tsui W.H.K. Cross‐Border Tourism: Case Study of Inbound Russian Visitor Arrivals to China. International Journal of Tourism Research. 2019; 21(5):693-711. (In Eng.) DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1002/jtr.2297

Submitted 01.10.2020; approved after reviewing 19.11.2020; accepted for publication 30.11.2020.

About the authors:

Marina V. Moroshkina, Researcher, Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences (50 A. Nevskogo Ave., Petrozavodsk 185030, Russian Federation), Ph. D. (Economics), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6520-4248, Researcher ID: O-9248-2015, maribel74@mail.ru

Svetlana V. Kondrateva, Researcher, Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences (50 A. Nevskogo Ave., Petrozavodsk 185030, Russian Federation), Ph. D. (Economics), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8832-9182, Researcher ID: H-3097-2015, svkorka@mail.ru

Contribution of the authors:

M. V. Moroshkina – statement of the research problem; academic supervision; formulation of the basic concept of the study; evaluation of the results; drawing conclusions.

S. V. Kondrateva – preparation of the text of the article; graphical representation of the results; drawing conclusions; critical analysis and revision of the text.

The authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.

To download article

Лицензия Creative Commons
Материалы журнала "РЕГИОНОЛОГИЯ REGIONOLOGY" доступны по лицензии Creative Commons «Attribution» («Атрибуция») 4.0 Всемирная