E. G. Leonidova. Priorities and Threats for the Development of Regional Tourism

UDК 338.48:332.1

DOI: 10.15507/2413-1407.120.030.202203.624-646


Introduction. Tourism is a dynamically developing branch of the economy. The COVID-19 pandemic seriously impacted not only on Russian economy as a whole, but also on its tourism sector. In Russia, tourism is recognized as one of the most affected sectors of the economy due to introduced quarantine restrictions. Domestic tourism in the context of the pandemic has become an impetus for the industry’s development. This study is devoted to the priorities and threats of the development of regional tourism to increase the efficiency of using the potential of domestic tourism and enlarge the demand for recreation in Russia by the population.

Materials and Methods. The study is based on the results of the authors’ works studying the problems of the functioning of regional tourism, engaging in the search for promising directions that contribute to the growth of demand for tourism services in this market segment. To diagnose the state of the Russian tourism industry in a pandemic, assess the functioning of tourism in the region, identify threats and substantiate its development priorities, general scientific research methods were used: retrospective and comparative analysis, synthesis, analogy, generalization. The object of the study was the Vologda Region, a promising region of the North-West for the development of the tourism industry.

Results. The specifics of the consumption of tourism services of the region in the context of the pandemic has been determined, the analysis of the tourism development in the region has been carried out, threats have been identified and priorities have been formed that contribute to the growth of tourism consumption in the Vologda Region. The author has established that the tourist resources of the region are poorly demanded by the population, which is due to noticeable competition from the neighboring regions of the North-West, as well as the poor provision of accommodation infrastructure and its slow growth, which causes low tourist demand. The importance of supporting the tourism development in the region in the context of the steady demand of Russians for resting in Russia has been justified.

Discussion and Conclusion. The study makes it possible to identify the priorities and threats of the development of regional tourism. The results of the study can be used as a guideline in substantiating ways for the development of regional tourism by public authorities that contribute to the tourist demand increase competitiveness of regional tourism sector.

Keywords: region, tourism, tourism economy, tourism infrastructure, domestic tourism

Conflict of interests. The author declares that there is not conflict of interest.

Funding. The paper was prepared in accordance with the state task for the Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution VolRC of the RAS on the topic of research work No. FMGZ-2022-0012 “Factors and methods of sustainable socio-economic development of territorial systems in changing conditions of the external and internal environment”.

For citation: Leonidova E.G. Priorities and Threats for the Development of Regional Tourism. RegionologyRussian Journal of Regional Studies. 2022;30(3):624–646. doi: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.120.030.202203.624-646


1. Calero C., Turner L.W. Regional Economic Development and Tourism: A Literature Review to Highlight Future Directions for Regional Tourism Research. Tourism Economics. 2020;26(1):3–26. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/1354816619881244

2. Orîndaru A., Popescu M.-F., Alexoaei A.P., Caescu S.-C., Florescu M.S., Orzan A.-O. Tourism in a Post-COVID-19 Era: Sustainable Strategies for Industry’s Recovery. Sustainability. 2021;13(12). doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126781

3. Rodríguez-Antón J.M., Alonso-Almeida M.d.M. COVID-19 Impacts and Recovery Strategies: The Case of the Hospitality Industry in Spain. Sustainability. 2020;12(20). doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208599

4. Moreno-Luna L., Robina-Ramírez R., Sánchez-Oro Sánchez M., Castro-Serrano J. Tourism and Sustainability in Times of COVID-19: The Case of Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021;18(4). doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041859

5. Almeida F., Silva O. The Impact of COVID-19 on Tourism Sustainability: Evidence from Portugal. Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research. 2020;8(2):440–446. doi: https://doi.org/10.30519/ahtr.775340

6. Marome W., Shaw R. COVID-19 Response in Thailand and Its Implications on Future Preparedness. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021;18(3). doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031089

7. Foo L.-P., Chin M.-Y., Tan K.-L., Phuah K.-T. The Impact of COVID-19 on Tourism Industry in Malaysia. Current Issues in Tourism. 2021;24(19):2735–2739. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2020.1777951

8. Rodousakis N., Soklis G. The Impact of COVID-19 on the US Economy: The Multiplier Effects of Tourism. Economies. 2022;10(1). doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/economies10010002

9. Lavrova T.A. Analysis of the Economic State of the Tourism Industry of the Russian Federation in the Context of the Spread of COVID-19. Vestnik of National Tourism Academy. 2020;(4):10–13. Available at: http://vestnik.nat-moo.ru/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/CONTACTS_456_2020-1.pdf (accessed 01.02.2022). (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)

10. Yakovlev А., Balaeva О., Predvoditeleva М., Misihina С., Ershova Н. A Crisis or New Reality: the Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Russian Tourism Sector. ECO. 2021;(5):53–76. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) doi: https://doi.org/10.30680/ECO0131-7652-2021-5-53-76

11. Hoque A., Shikha F.A., Hasanat M.W., Arif I., Hamid A.B.A. The Effect of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the Tourism Industry in China. Asian Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies. 2020;3(1):52–58. Available at: https://asianjournal.org/online/index.php/ajms/article/view/213/96 (accessed 01.02.2022).

12. Basnyat S., Shrestha S., Shakya B., Byanjankar R., Basnyat S. Domestic Tourism in Nepal: Issues and Challenges. Tourism Review International. 2020;24(1):37–49. doi: https://doi.org/10.3727/154427220X15791346544770

13. Inchausti-Sintes F. Tourism: Economic Growth, Employment and Dutch Disease. Annals of Tourism Research. 2015;54:172–189. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2015.07.007

14. Su Y., Cherian J., Sial M.S., et al. Does Tourism Affect Economic Growth of China? A Panel Granger Causality Approach. Sustainability. 2021;13(3). doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031349

15. Pablo-Romero M.P., Molina J.A. Tourism and Economic Growth: A Review of Empirical Literature. Tourism Management Perspectives. 2013;8:28–41. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2013.05.006

16. Khan A., Bibi S., Lorenzo A., Lyu J., Babar Z.U. Tourism and Development in Developing Economies: A Policy Implication Perspective. Sustainability. 2020;12(4). doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041618

17. Matsuura T., Saito H. The COVID-19 Pandemic and Domestic Travel Subsidies. Annals of Tourism Research. 2022:92. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2021.103326

18. Toyama M. Consumer Attributes Associated with Using a Domestic Travel Subsidy Programme During the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Case of Japan. Anatolia. 2022;33(2):270–272. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/13032917.2021.1922473

19. Leonidova E.G. Russian Tourism during the COVID-19: Assessing Effect of Stimulating Domestic Demand for the Country and Regions’ Economy. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast. 2021;14(2):59–74. (In Eng.) doi: https://doi.org/10.15838/esc.2021.2.74.4

20. Stepanova S.V. Development of Tourist Infrastructure in the Northern Border Regions of Russia. Problems of Territoryʼs Development. 2015;(6):214–225. Available at: http://pdt.vscc.ac.ru/article/1667 (accessed 01.02.2022). (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)

21. Moroshkina M.V., Kondrateva S.V. Regional Accessibility as a Factor in the Development of a Tourist Destination. Regionology. Russian Journal of Regional Studies. 2021;29(1):60–81. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) doi: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.114.029.202101.060-081

22. Konyshev E.V., Lutoshkina A.K. Economic Consequences of the COVID-19 Impact on the Tourism Development in Arctic Regions of Russia. Arctic: Ecology and Economy. 2021;11(4):504–518. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) doi: https://doi.org/10.25283/2223-4594-2021-4-504-518

23. Bayaskalanova T.A., Kuklina M.V., Bogdanov V.N. Tourism in the Russian Arctic: Challenges and Development Opportunities. Service and Tourism: Current Challenges. 2020;14(1):109–119. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) doi: https://doi.org/10.24411/1995-0411-2020-10111

24. Fedorova E.A., Chernikova L.I., Pastukhova A.E., Shiryaeva L.K. Tourism and Economic Growth: Regional Aspect. ECO. 2020;50(9):138–155. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.30680/ECO0131-7652-2020-9-138-155

25. Cherevichko T.V., Temyakova T.V. The Forms of Tourism Digitalization. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Economics. Management. Law. 2019;19(1):59–64. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) doi: https://doi.org/10.18500/1994-2540-2019-19-1-59-64

26. Timokhin D.V., Allakhverdieva L.M., Koishinova G.K. Development of the Russian Tourism Industry in the Context of COVID-19 Risks Spread Based on the Economic Cross Model. Journal of Economics, Entrepreneurship and Law. 2020;10(11):2791–2804. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) doi: https://doi.org/10.18334/epp.10.11.111181

27. Sorokin D.E., Sharafutdinov V.N., Onishchenko E.V. On the Problems of Strategic Development of Tourism in the Regions of Russia (Illustrated by the Krasnodar Region and the Resort City of Sochi). Economy of Region. 2017;13(3):764–776. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) doi: https://doi.org/10.17059/2017-3-10

28. Morozov М.А., Morozova N.S. Regional Features of Development of Tourism Infrastructure and Their Impact on Tourism. Regionology. Russian Journal of Regional Studies. 2021;29(3):588–610. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) doi: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.116.029.202103.588-610

29. Ovcharov A.O. On the Improvement of Statistical Accounting for Tourist Trips Amidst Crisis. Voprosy statistiki. 2021;28(2):67–79. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) doi: https://doi.org/10.34023/2313-6383-2021-28-2-67-79

30. Leonidova E.G., Sidorov M.A. Structural Changes in the Economy: Searching for Sectoral Drivers of Growth. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast. 2019;12(6):166–181. doi: https://doi.org/10.15838/esc.2019.6.66.9

Submitted 12.04.2022; approved after reviewing 11.05.2022; accepted for publication 20.05.2022.

About the author:

Ekaterina G. Leonidova, Senior Researcher, Vologda Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (56a Gorky St., Vologda 160014, Russian Federation), PhD (Economics), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9206-6810eg_leonidova@mail.ru

The author has read and approved the final version of the manuscript.

To download article

Лицензия Creative Commons
Материалы журнала "РЕГИОНОЛОГИЯ REGIONOLOGY" доступны по лицензии Creative Commons «Attribution» («Атрибуция») 4.0 Всемирная