V. V. Bakharev, V. A. Demina. Participation of Online Communities in the Formation of Social Capital in the Process of Participatory Design of Architectural and Landscape Space of the City

UDК 316.4:712

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.106.027.201902.354-381

Introduction. The purpose of the study was to analyze the state of social capital of the local community, the characteristics of its formation in the process of participating in the design of architectural and landscape space of the city by online communities as the basis for developing an effective social technology to create a comfortable living environment for citizens and one of the most important factors in the formation of the civil society. The research results outlined in the article are of relevance and have scientific and practical significance when introducing local self-government bodies into practice in order to improve the mechanisms of interaction with the actors of online communities and the decision-making process on creating a comfortable architectural and landscape environment of cities.

Materials and Methods. The study used general and particular methods of scientific research, comparative and system analysis, questionnaire survey, analysis of documentary sources.

Results. The state of social capital of three urban communities of the Belgorod Region, formed in the process of participatory design by members of online communities, has been revealed. The levels of formation of ten structural components of social capital were identified in accordance with the research model proposed by the authors of this article. By comparing the identified levels of formation of the social capital components, subordinate connections have been established between them and their hierarchical structure has been identified, which is necessary for the development of social capital formation and reproduction technologies by online communities in the process of participating in designing a comfortable living environment for citizens.

Discussion and Conclusion. An analysis of the results of a sociological study has shown that the participatory design of the architectural and landscape space of the city is an important area of consolidation of the collective activities of the local community; the state of social capital depends on the degree of involvement of online communities in the participatory design of the architectural and landscape space of the city and the process of practical solution of socially significant problems; consolidation of the local community to solve the problems of creating a comfortable architectural and landscape space of the city has been carried out by involving the immediate environment. The research materials will be the basis for creating a social technology for forming a comfortable living environment for citizens at the scientific, organizational, formalized, descriptive, procedural and activity levels.

Keywords: online communities, social capital, participatory design, architectural and landscape space of the city


1. Marsh C. Social Capital and Democracy in Russia. Communist and Post-Communist Studies. 2000; 33:183-199. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-067X(00)00003-9

2. Twigg J.L. Social Capital. In: Russia’s Regions. Social Capital and Social Cohesion in Post-Soviet Russia / eds. J. L. Twigg, K. Schecter. Armonk, 2003. p. 168-188. Available at: https://www.crcpress.com/Social-Capital-and-Social- Cohesion-in-Post-Soviet-Russia/Twigg-Schecter/p/book/9780765612243 (accessed 24.12.2018).

3. Parker A., Halgin D.S., Borgatti S.P. Dynamics of Social Capital: Effects of Performance Feedback on Network Change. Organization Studies. 2016; 37(3):375-397. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0170840615613371

4. Liang Q., Lu H., Deng W. Between Social Capital and Formal Governance in Farmer Cooperatives: Evidence from China. Outlook on Agriculture. 2018; 47(3): 196-203. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0030727018778603

5. Huang Y. Social Capital and Social Trust in Urban China. Chinese Journal of Sociology. 2018; 4(4):481-505. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/2057150X18790083

6. Alha A. The Other Side of Caste as Social Capital. Social Change. 2018; 48(4):575-588. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0049085718801490

7. Ryu S. To Bond or to Bridge? Contingent Effects of Managers’ Social Capital on Organizational Performance. The American Review of Public Administration . 2017; 47(4):403-418. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0275074015598392

8. Tulin M., Lancee B., Volker B. Personality and Social Capita. Social Psychology Quarterly. 2018; 91(4):295-318. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0190272518804533

9. Moore C.B., Payne G.T., Autry C.W., Griffis S.E. Project Complexity and Bonding Social Capital in Network Organizations. Group & Organization Management. 2018; 43(6):936-970. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1059601116650556

10. Geber S., Scherer H., Hefner D. Social Capital in Media Societies: The Impact of Media Use and Media Structures on Social Capital. International Communication Gazette. 2016; 78(6):493-513. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1748048516640211

11. Cristie V., Berger M. Game Engines for Urban Exploration: Bridging Science Narrative for Broader Participants. In: Playable Cities: The City as a Digital Playground. Singapore: Springer Singapore; 2017. p. 87-107. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-1962-3

12. Afanasyev D.V., Guzhavina T.A., Mekhova A.A. [Social Capital in the Region: On Measuring and Building the Indicator Model]. Ehkonomicheskie i sotsialnye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz = Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Tendencies, Forecast. 2016; (6):110-125. (In Russ.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15838/esc.2016.6.48.6

13. Demkiv О. [Concept of Group Social Capital and its Adaptation to Domestic Conditions]. Sotsiologiya: teoriya, metody, marketing = Sociology: Theory, Methods, Marketing. 2005; (4):107-117. Available at: http://ecsocman.hse.ru/soc-ua/msg/18834025.html (accessed 24.12.2018). (In Russ.)

14. Kurbatova М.V., Levin S.N., Kagan E.S. [The Structure of Social Capital as a Factor of Institutional Development of the Region]. Obschestvennye nauki i sovremennost = Social Sciences and Contemporary World. 2010; (6):37-51. Available at: http://ons.naukaran.com/stati/struktura-sotsialnogo-kapitala-kak-faktor-... (accessed 24.12.2018). (In Russ.)

15. Lukyanova Е.G. [Social Capital and Its Role in the Construction Civil Society in Russia]. Gosudarstvo i pravo = State and Law. 2006; (3):86-89. Available at: http://www.igpran.ru/journal/biblio/index.php (accessed 24.12.2018). (In Russ.)

16. Nemirovskaya L.Z. Socio-Cultural Identity and Self-Identity Problem. Vestnik Rossijskogo novogo universiteta = Vestnik of Russian New University. 2012; (1):20-29. Available at: http://vestnik-rosnou.ru/node/235 (accessed 24.12.2018). (In Russ.)

17. Fedorovskiy А.P. Sociocultural identity in the modern social theory. Vestnik Adygeiskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 1: Regionovedeniye: filosofiya, istoriya, sotsiologiya, yurisprudentsiya, politologiya, kulturologiya = The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University, the series “Region Studies: Philosophy, History, Sociology, Jurisprudence, Political Sciences and Culturology”. 2012; (1). Available at: http://soc.adygnet.ru/?2012.1:1579#1579 (accessed 24.12.2018). (In Russ.)

18. Chernyaeva K.О. [Practices of Identity Formation in Social Networks on the Internet]. Vestnik SGTU = Vestnik Saratov State Technical University. 2009; 4(1):296-304. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=13058043 (accessed 24.12.2018). (In Russ.)

19. Sasaki М., Davydenko V.А., Latov Yu.V., Romashkin G.S., Trust as an Element of Social Capital in Contemporary Russia (a Comparative Analysis). Mir Rossii = Universe of Russia. 2010; 19(2):78-97. Available at: https://mirros.hse.ru/article/view/5096 (accessed 24.12.2018). (In Russ.)

20. Ivanov А.V. Theory of Social Trust: Methodological Problems of Social-Philosophical Conceptualization. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya = Modern Problems of Science and Education. 2015; 1(1):17-34. Available at: https://science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=18840 (accessed 25.08.2018). (In Russ.)

21. Mamedov N.М. Confidence is the Capital and Basis for the Partnership. Gosudarstvennaya sluzhba = Public Administration. 2015; (5):10-14. Available at: http://pa-journal.igsu.ru/articles/r48/3325/ (accessed 25.08.2018). (In Russ.)

22. Alieva N.Z. Self Modern Society: Sotsiosinergetichesky Approach. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya = Modern Problems of Science and Education. 2015; (1-1). Available at: http://science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=17654 (accessed 25.08.2018). (In Russ.)

23. Egorov М.V. The Factors of Society’s Self-Organization Mechanisms’ Development. Diskussiya = Discussion. 2015; (5):74-79. Available at: https://www.journal-discussion.ru/vypuski-zhurnala/vypusk-nomer-57-maj-2... (accessed 25.08.2018). (In Russ.)

24. Chernikova Е.I., Trunov А.А. [The Role of Social Harmony in Overcoming the Conflict of Russian Society]. Vestnik Belgorodskogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii imeni I. D. Putilina = Vestnik of Putilin Belgorod Law Institute of Ministry of the Interior of Russia. 2006; (1):57-59. Available at: https://белюи.мвд.рф/Nauka/izdanija/vestnik/nomera/2006 (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

25. Ksenofontova I.V. New Solidarities on the Internet: From Discussion to Action (the Case of the Movement “For Honest Elections”). Etnograficheskoye obozreniye = Ethnographic Review. 2013; (2):125-137. Available at: http://journal.iea.ras.ru/archive/2010s/2013/no2/125.htm (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

26. Filippov А.F. Mobility and Solidarity. Paper 1. Sotsiologicheskoye obozreniye = Russian Sociological Review. 2011; 10(3):3-20. Available at: https://sociologica.hse.ru/2011-10-3/46793461.html (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

27. Filippov А.F. Mobility and Solidarity. Paper 2. Sotsiologicheskoye obozreniye = Russian Sociological Review. 2012; 11(1):19-39. Available at: https://sociologica.hse.ru/2012-11-1/53703362.html (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

28. Khokonov А.А. Social Solidarity as a Basis Factor of Development of Civil Society. Ekonomika i sotsium: sovremennye modeli razvitiya = Econimics and Society: Modern Development Models. 2016; 1(2):114-124. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=27708277 (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

29. Devyatko I.F. Social Norms: from Attempts of Definition towards New Theoretical Questions and Theories of Normativity. Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya = Sociological Studies. 2016; (12):35-43. Available at: http://socis.isras.ru/article/6471 (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

30. Dobrin K.Yu. Social Norm in Traditional and Modern Society. Vestnik Povolzhskogo instituta upravleniya = Bulletin of the Volga Region Institute of Administration. 2011; (1):116-121. Available at: http://vestnik.pags.ru/vestnik/bul­letin_number_26.php?bitrix_include_a... (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

31. Eryshov D.V. Social Norms as a Regulatory Mechanism of Social Consciousness. Gumanitarnye, sotsialno-ehkonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki = Humanities, Social-Economical and Social Sciences. 2015; (8):38-41. Available at: http://online-science.ru/m/products/PSYCHOLOGICAL%20SCIENCES%20AND%20Cul... (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

32. Getman Е.V. Social Initiative as Part of Corporate Social Responsibility. Regionalnaya ehkonomika i upravlenie = Regional Economics and Management. 2016; (3):22-25. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=26300186 (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

33. Korolyova G.М. [Social Initiatives of Young People in the Cultural Develop­ment of Regions]. Sotsialno-gumanitarnye znaniya = Socio-Humanitarian Knowledge. 2010; (2):142-152. Available at: http://www.socgum-zhurnal.ru/index.php/cod/2010/number2 (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

34. Vasilieva Е.N., Poltavskaya M.B. Economical and Social Acti vity of Population as an Indicator of Social Capital Formation. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Obschestvennye nauki = University Proceedings. Volga Region. Social Sciences. 2015; (4):113-119. Available at: https://izvuz_on.pnzgu.ru/on14415 (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

35. Pilishvili Т.S., Minaeva А.S. Social Networking Activity of Personality and Subjectivity Formation in the Information World. Akmeologiya = Acmeology. 2016; (1):85-89. Available at: https://acmeology.elpub.ru/jour/article/view/905 (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

36. Sudakova S.V. Social Activity as an Important Resource of Success of Local Self-Government. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya “Pravo” = Proceedings of VSU. Series: Law. 2015; (4):26-33. Available at: http://www.vestnik.vsu.ru/content/pravo/2015/04/toc_ru.asp (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

37. Mironov А.V. Social Participation and Moral Conflict in Political Ethics. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya “Filosofiya” = Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Series: Philosophy. 2016; (2):99-106. Available at: http://www.vestnik.vsu.ru/content/phylosophy/2016/02/toc_ru.asp (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

38. Skalaban I.А. Social, Public and Civil Participation: the Problem of Conceptual Understanding and Misunderstanding. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya “Filosofiya. Sotsiologiya. Politologiya” = Tomsk State University Journal of Philosophy, Sociology and Political Science. 2011; (1):130-139. Available at: http://journals.tsu.ru/philosophy/&journal_page=archive&id=518&article_i... (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

39. Bezrukova О.N. [Responsibility in Sociological Discourse]. Sotsiologia: teoriya, metody, marketing = Sociology: Theory, Methods, Marketing. 2010; (2):132-141. Available at: http://ecsocman.hse.ru/soc-ua/msg/50332822.html (accessed 24.11.2018). (In Russ.)

40. Ivanova T.N. [Improvement of the Urban Environment as a Significant Factor in Improving the Quality of Life in the City of Tolyatti]. Kontsept: nauchno-metodicheskij ehlektronnyj zhurnal = Concept: Scientific and Methodical Electronic Journal. 2016; 38:62-69. Available at: http://e-koncept.ru/2016/56807.htm (accessed 12.08.2018). (In Russ.)

Submitted 06.02.2019; accepted for publication 15.03.2019; published online 28.06.2019.

About the authors:

Victor V. Bakharev, Professor, Department of Sociology and Management, Belgorod State Technological University named after V. G. Shukhov (46 Kostyukova St., Belgorod 308012, Russia), Dr. Sc. (Sociology), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0539-9260, socioecolog@mail.ru

Victoria A. Demina, Postgraduate, Department of Sociology and Management, Belgorod State Technological University named after V. G. Shukhov (46 Kostyukova St., Belgorod 308012, Russia), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4881-6263, archideya2012@gmail.com

Contribution of the authors:

Victor V. Bakharev – scientific supervision over the sociological research; critical analysis of the materials; final revision of the text of the article.

Victoria A. Demina – development of the program; tools; conducting the research and initial analysis of the results; preparation of the initial draft text of the article.

For citation:

Bakharev V.V., Demina V.A. Participation of Online Communities in the Formation of Social Capital in the Process of Participatory Design of Architectural and Landscape Space of the City. Regionology = Russian Journal of Regional Studies. 2019; 27(2):354-381. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.106.027.201902.354-381

The authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
To download article

Лицензия Creative Commons
Материалы журнала "РЕГИОНОЛОГИЯ REGIONOLOGY" доступны по лицензии Creative Commons «Attribution» («Атрибуция») 4.0 Всемирная