I. E. Ilina, E. N. Zharova. Science Intensity of the Business Sector in Russia: An Analysis and Development Proposals

UDК 334.012.64(470+571)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.112.028.202003.414-448

Introduction. In the context of global competition between intellectual industries and building transnational structures that ensure socio-economic development, joining the world’s top 5 most innovative economies is possible only in case of increasing the science intensity of the business sector of the economy. Based on the results of the study conducted, the article gives an analysis of the industry average values of the costs of enterprises for research and development (R&D) in economically developed countries and outlines proposals for achieving a similar level of costs for such work in Russia.

Materials and Methods. The study used data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development international statistical database, those from Rosstat, and reports from companies implementing innovative development programs. The results of the implementation of the programs for innovative development of Russian state corporations were evaluated. The study employed the methods of economic analysis, comparison, generalization, induction, and deduction.

Results. On the basis of the study conducted, the authors have proposed recommendations for bringing the R&D costs to the level of the industry average values in economically developed countries. The authors have also proposed to secure the coefficients of the R&D costs corresponding to those in countries leading in innovative development in the programs of innovative development of organizations, taking into account the industry specifics. The authors have recommended introduction of such tools that ensure the achievement of the level of investment expenditures in R&D of economically developed countries, as the “qualified customer” model and the innovation voucher.

Discussion and Conclusion. Based on the results of the analysis performed, a conclusion has been drawn that not all state corporations fully implement the assigned tasks. In order to ensure the technological development of the country, a number of federal executive bodies have been implementing a set of measures which lack synchronization. The results of this study can be used by public authorities when making managerial decisions in research and development.

Keywords: R&D, research and development, industry average R&D costs, program for innovative development, industry

Funding. The research was carried out as part of the task assigned by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation of 07.04.2020 No. 075-01402-20-02 “Scientific and Methodological Support of Measures to Accelerate the Growth Rate of Investments in Fixed Assets During R&D in the Real Sector of the Economy.”


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Submitted 11.05.2020; accepted for publication 16.06.2020; published online 30.09.2020.

About the authors:

Irina E. Ilina, Director of the Russian Research Institute of Economics, Politics and Law in Science and Technology (20A Dobrolyubova St., Moscow 127254, Russia), Dr. Sci. (Economics), Associate Professor, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6609-3340, Scopus ID: https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?origin=resultslist&authorId=572..., skvo_ie@mail.ru

Elena N. Zharova, First Deputy Director, Head of the Center for Analysis and Forecast of the Development of the Scientific and Technological Complex, Russian Research Institute of Economics, Politics and Law in Science and Technology (20A Dobrolyubova St., Moscow 127254, Russia), Ph. D. (Economics), Associate Professor, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8281-8812, zharova@riep.ru

Contribution of the authors:

Irina E. Ilina – statement of the research problem; academic supervision; formulation of the basic concept of the study; drawing conclusions; evaluation of the results; critical analysis and revision of the text.

Elena N. Zharova – preparation of the text of the article; graphical representation of the results; drawing conclusions; development of recommendations.

For citation:

Ilina I.E., Zharova E.N. Science Intensity of the Business Sector in Russia: An Analysis and Development Proposals. Regionology = Russian Journal of Regional Studies. 2020; 28(3):414-448. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.112.028.202003.414-448

The authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
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