G. A. KHOROKHORINA, E. V. GLUKHOVA. TOLERANCE IN THE MULTICULTURAL EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT: SOCIAL ADAPTATION UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE PRESENT-DAY INSTITUTE OF HIGHER EDUCATION

UDC 316.354:378

G. A. KHOROKHORINA, E. V. GLUKHOVA. TOLERANCE IN THE MULTICULTURAL EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT: SOCIAL ADAPTATION UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE PRESENT-DAY INSTITUTE OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Keywords: region; tolerance; institute of higher education; multicultural education; identity; ethnic group; denomination; social adaptation

Introduction: the profoundly multiethnic population of the Russian Federation under the conditions of globalization of the postindustrial period of development of the society in-evitably experiences a period of disintegration of its population into a number of ingroups and outgroups. Disharmony in the interaction between the “host” part of the population and marginalized groups is largely determined by different principles of identity prevailing in their environment, their rejection of tolerance as an imperative.

Materials and Methods: the paper presents the materials of the survey conducted in 2016 in the cities of Moscow, Saransk and Surgut. To identify the principles of self-identification and localization of their structural components prevalent among students, the free associative experiment and a modified Manfred Kuhn and Thomas McPartland test were employed. To systematize the data obtained during the survey, the methods of analysis, synthesis and comparison were used.

Results: the analysis of the data collected during the research allowed to ascertain different principles of self-identification for the main groups of respondents, divided into “bearers of Islamic creed” and “bearers of other faiths and atheists”. The analysis of the perception of the phenomenon of tolerance demonstrated that those tested understood it as “indulgence” caused by the needs of the state, not by individual choice.

Discussion and Conclusions: the presented sociolinguistic study allows to localize the emerging ethnic and religious contradictions in a multiethnic educational group almost in real-time and to promptly mitigate the situation. Regional sampling showed the typical nature of the obtained results which refuted the hypothesis about possible regional conditionality of specific interaction in multiethnic societies. The possibility of harmonizing the coexistence of different multicultural groups requires a rethinking of the essence of the phenomenon of tolerance, the optimum formation of which is thought of in terms of multicultural education in a situation of attention to the values acquired by each particular person and of development of their integrated thinking.

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Contribution of the authors:

Galina A. Khorokhorina — the concept and initiation of the study, drafting the initial text and subsequent revision.

Elena V. Glukhova — collection of materials on the research topic, determination of the research methodology.

About the authors:

Galina A. Khorokhorina, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Foreign Languages Department of No. 2, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (36 Stremyanny Lane, Moscow, 117997, Russia) (e-mail: galinakh2015@gmail.com). ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9978-2900

Elena V. Glukhova, Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Research Officer, Lomonosov Moscow State University (1 Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russia) (e-mail: evglukhova@gmail.com). ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6386-3378

For citation: Khorokhorina G.A., Glukhova E.V. [Tolerance in the Multicultural Educational Environment: Social Adaptation under the Conditions of the Present-Day Institute of Higher Education]. REGIONOLOGIYA = REGIONOLOGY. 2017; 2(25):231—248.

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