UDC 332.122


Keywords: near-border region; municipal settlement; dynamics of population size; spatial development; cross-border cooperation

Introduction: geographical position plays an important role in the development of the Russian regions. Peripheral regions develop slower than the central ones. At the same time, peripheral regions may be the near-border ones and may develop more quickly if they cooperate with the neighboring regions of another country. In this case, the development of the near-border regions depends much on the terms of trade established between the states. The relevance of studying the near-border regions is due to the need to determine the features and regularities of their spatial development in the market conditions for effective regional policy.

Materials and Methods: to assess the impact of the near-border location, the concept of ring structures was used. Development of municipalities in the framework of this theory was analyzed on the basis of statistical data of the near-border Republic of Karelia; graphs of indicators were constructed and analyzed; the dynamics of indicators of the near-border and interior regions was compared taking into account their resources and infrastructure. The linear and multiplicative regression equations were worked out to assess the impact of the active areas and the degree of dependence of the population development and employment in municipal settlements on the distance from these areas. The study used the methods of statistical data analysis, of comparisons and grouping, of structural analysis and regression analysis.

Results: the positive impact of the border on the development of the near-border regions is small, only in the early 1990s, the near-border location had a significant positive impact on the indicators of development of the most active regions. If the capital of a region remains the central active area, the near-border municipal settlements having the necessary customs and transport infrastructure become the boundary active areas instead of the industrial municipal settlements.

Discussion and Conclusions: the potential of the near-border regions in Russia is used poorly so far. The near-border regions are peripheral ones and they are lagging behind in development from most Russian regions. At the same time, there are marked spatial changes within the near-border regions.


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About the author:

Pavel V. Druzhinin, Doctor of Economic Sciences, Head of the Department of Modeling and Prognostication of Regional Development, Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (50 Alexander Nevsky Ave., Petrozavodsk, 185030, Russia) (е-mail: pdruzhinin@mail.ru). ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5303-0455

For citation: Druzhinin P.V. [Features of Development of the Near-Border Regions]. REGIONOLOGIYA = REGIONOLOGY. 2017; 2(25):200—216.

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