М. Yu. Bareev, R. R. Agishev. Regional Features of Some Traditions and Customs in Modern Islam

UDК 39:28

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.111.028.202002.303-321

Introduction. The relevance of the issues raised is due to the contradictory nature of the evolution of religious and pseudo-religious rites of Muslims, as well as the ambiguous attitude towards them from the Muslim Ummah of the region. The objective of the study is to explore the regional features of some religious and ethnic cult practices of Muslims residing in the Republic of Mordovia.

Materials and Methods. The study considered such materials as the data of the sociological survey “Muslim Traditions and Rites of the Tatars in a Region” employing the method of semi-formalized interviews (47 people), which assessed the level and the intensity of religiosity. The content and specificity of the rites, religious and ethnic rituals were analyzed. The canonicity of the rituals was assessed.

Results. Various religious traditions and rites having regional specifics and observed by Muslims in the Republic of Mordovia have been analyzed. These include: a Dua prayer performed over water, the rite of ‘iskyat’, cult of Wali, the rite of ‘bashkoda’ preceding a marriage, and a memorial rite for deceased. An analysis of the religious ritual practices of Muslims in the Republic of Mordovia has made it possible to ascertain the presence of elements of cultural diffusion in some religious practices.

Discussion and Conclusion. Despite certain disagreement regarding the performance of a number of religious rites within the regional Muslim Ummah, most of the considered forms of religious life in the minds of people are inseparable from the Muslim tradition and are perceived as part of the original Muslim culture. The materials of the article will be useful for the authorities to improve the regional ethno-confessional policy.

Keywords: Islam, Ummah, Quran, tradition, rite, syncretism, cultural diffusion, Salafism, Dua prayer, the rite of ‘iskyat’, cult of Wali


1. Yarlykapov A.A. [“Popular Islam” and Muslim Youth in the Central and Northwestern Caucasus]. Ehtnograficheskoe obozrenie = Ethnographic Review. 2006; (2):59-73. Available at: http://journal.iea.ras.ru/archive/2000s/2006/no2/2006_2_Yarlykapov.pdf (accessed 12.02.2020). (In Russ.)

2. Gayazov L.D. [Features of Tatar Traditional Islam in the Post-Soviet Period]. Rossiya i musulmanskij mir = Russia and the Muslim World. 2016; (2):32-41. Available at: http://inion.ru/site/assets/files/4358/2016_rmm_rus_2.pdf (accessed 12.02.2020). (In Russ.)

3. Mukhametshin R.M. Islam in Post-Soviet Tatarstan: Renewal and Loss. Rossiya i musulmanskij mir = Russia and the Muslim World. 2007; (12):20-35. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=9569191 (accessed 12.02.2020). (In Russ.)

4. Idiatullov A.K. Evolution of the Religious Syncretism of the Ulyanovsk Region’s Tatar-Mishar. Vestnik Chuvashskogo universiteta = Bulletin of the Chuvash University. 2010; (1):35-42. Available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/evolyutsiya-religioznogo-sinkretizma-t... (accessed 12.02.2020). (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)

5. Agishev R.R. Folk Islam in the Republic of Mordovia: Some Aspects of Religious and Cultural Syncretism. Islamovedenie = Islamic Studies. 2019; (4):101-108. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.21779/2077-8155-2019-10-4-101-108

6. Bareev M.Yu. [Islam in the Context of the Confessional Situation in a Region]. Regionologiya = Regionology. 2007; (1):231-239. Available at: http://regionsar.ru/sites/default/files/pdf/reg_2007_1.pdf (accessed 12.02.2020). (In Russ.)

7. Martynenko A.V. Islamic Revival in the Volga Region in the Late XX – early XXI Century (by the Example of Tatarstan, Mordovia, Chuvashia, Mari El). Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenij. Povolzhskij region. Gumanitarnye nauki = University Proceedings. Volga Region. Humanities. 2015; (3):62-70. Available at: https://izvuz_gn.pnzgu.ru/files/izvuz_gn.pnzgu.ru/07(2).pdf (accessed 12.02.2020). (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)

8. Maroney Е. Religious Syncretism. New York; 2006. Available at: https://scmpress.hymnsam.co.uk/books/9780334040187/religious-syncretism- (accessed 12.02.2020). (In Eng.)

9. Stewart Ch. From Creolization to Syncretism: Climbing the Ritual Ladder. In: Routledge International Handbook of Diversity Studies. New York: Routledge; 2015. p. 355–362. Available at: https://www.ucl.ac.uk/anthropology/sites/anthropology/files/From_Creoliz... (accessed 12.02.2020). (In Eng.)

10. Yemellianova G.M. Kinship, Ethnicity and Religion in Post-Communist Societies: Russia’s Autonomous Republic of Kabardino-Balkariya. Ethnicities. 2005; 5(1):51-82. (In Eng.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1468796805049926

11. Werth P.W. From “Pagan” Muslims to “Baptized” Communists: Religious Conversion and Ethnic Particularity in Russia’s Eastern Provinces. Comparative Studies in Society and History. New York; 2000; 42(3):497-523. (In Eng.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0010417500002917

12. Kuliev E. Islamic Tradition in the Caucasus: Amidst Traditionalism, Reformism, and Secularism. The Caucasus & Globalization. 2008; (3):112-124. Available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/islamic-tradition-in-the-caucasus-amid... (accessed 12.02.2020). (In Eng.)

13. Minnullin I.R. Soviet and Post-Soviet Islamic Revival in a Tatar Village in Mordovia. Istoricheskaya ehtnologiya = Historical Ethnology. 2016; 1(1):116-145. Available at: http://historicalethnology.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/ИЭ-2016-1-116-145.pdf (accessed 12.02.2020). (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)

14. Syzranov A.V. Cult of Muslim Saints in the Astrakhan Region. Ehtnograficheskoe obozrenie = Ethnographic Review. 2006; (2):127-143. Available at: http://journal.iea.ras.ru/archive/2000s/2006/no2/2006_2_Syzranov.pdf (accessed 12.02.2020). (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)

15. Seleznev A.G. Islam in Siberia: Some Trends of Anthropological Study. Ehtnografiya = Ethnography. 2018; (2):160-187. (In Russ., abstract in Eng.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.31250/2618-8600-2018-2-160-187

Submitted 27.02.2020; accepted for publication 03.03.2020; published online 30.06.2020.

About the authors:

Maxim Yu. Bareev, Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, National Research Mordovia State University (68/1 Bolshevistskaya St., Saransk 430005, Russia), Ph. D. (Sociology), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6228-100X, bareevmaksim@rambler.ru

Ruslan R. Agishev, Leading Researcher, Scientific Center for Social and Economic Monitoring (39a B. Khmelnitskogo St., Saransk 430005, Russia), Ph. D. (History), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0179-8336, agishev2019@gmail.com

Contribution of the authors:

Maxim Yu. Bareev – statement of the scientific problem and identification of the ways of solving it; collection of materials; structuring and analysis of the results obtained; writing the text of the article.

Ruslan R. Agishev – collection of materials and initiation of the study; choice of research methodology; structuring and analysis of the results obtained; writing the text of the article.

For citation:

Bareev M.Yu., Agishev R.R. Regional Features of Some Traditions and Customs in Modern Islam. Regionology = Russian Journal of Regional Studies. 2020; 28(2):303-321. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.111.028.202002.303-321

The authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
To download article

Лицензия Creative Commons
All the materials of the "REGIONOLOGY" journal are available under Creative Commons «Attribution» 4.0