M. Yu. Bareev, O. N. Kurmyshkina. External Migration and Loss of Social Capital in the Regional Society

UDК 325:36 

DOI: 10.15507/2413-1407.118.030.202201.031-054


Introduction. The relevance of the research is due to the unfavorable migration situation in the Republic of Mordovia. The constant migration outflow of the population affects the composition of the region’s human resource and its social capital. The article examines the social capital of respondents with an active migration strategy.

Materials and Methods. The article is based on the sociological study “Harmonization of social relations of the population of the Republic of Mordovia”, in 2020. 1000 people were interviewed for the study. The quota criteria: gender, age, and place of residence of the respondents. The characteristics and unique features of the migrant’s social capital are determined. The authors identified possible risks for the region associated with migration.

Results. Migration strategies of the population of the Republic of Mordovia are studied. The economic factors are shown as the determinants of possible migration. Thе specific and unique features of social capital of potential migrants have been identified. So, the article defines the reciprocal correlation between factors and migration strategies.

Discussion and Conclusion. According to the results of the study, the economically productive and young part of the population adheres to an active migration strategy. The materials of the article can be useful for regional authorities to solve migration policy issues and to regulate migration flows.

Keywords: social capital, interregional migration, migration loss, migration sentiment, migration strategies, youth, regional society, middle class

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

For citation: Bareev M.Yu., Kurmyshkina O.N. External Migration and Loss of Social Capital in the Regional Society. Regionology = Russian Journal of Regional Studies. 2022; 30(1):31-54. doi: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.118.030.202201.031-054


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Submitted 05.04.2021; approved after reviewing 07.06.2021; accepted for publication 19.06.2021.

About the authors:

Maxim Yu. Bareev, Associate Professor, Department of Sociology and Social Work, National Research Mordovia State University (68/1 Bolshevistskaya St., Saransk 430005, Russian Federation), Cand. Sci. (Sociology), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6228-100Xbareevmaksim@rambler.ru

Oksana N. Kurmyshkina, Senior Researcher, Scientific Center for Social and Economic Monitoring (39a B. Khmelnitskogo St., Saransk 430005, Russian Federation), ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3324-5066mad-oksana@yandex.ru

Contribution of the authors:

M. Yu. Bareev – statement of the scientific problem and identification of the ways of solving it; collection of materials; structuring and analysis of the results obtained; writing the text of the article.

O. N. Kurmyshkina – collection of materials and initiation of the study; choice of research methodology; structuring and analysis of the results obtained; writing the text of the article.

The authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.

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